The process of summarization can be equated to determining the most important points in the text in your own words. It is one of the most important prerequisites for a student's academic success. If you are writing an essay, then, of course you understand your topic. If you understand it, then you will certainly have no difficulty in summarizing it to readers. In general, it can be said that summarizing determines your understanding of a topic as well as your ability to explain it to others.
On the other hand, if you cannot summarize your paragraphs, topic, etc., it means that you have not been able to understand the main idea of your essay. That’s why it is one of the most popular types of academic writing assignments, especially in graduate school. This is a good opportunity to analyze and evaluate the analytical skills of a student or pupil.
How to write a summary:
- First of all, read the article, text, information, and so on to make sure you understand it.
- Analyze the information and highlight the main points.
- Write a draft of your summary and read it.
- Don't forget to use paraphrasing. This is a good way to pass on information to other people and keep its basic meaning. If you want to quote something then use quotation marks.
- Analyze your summary and make sure it is really informative.
It is important! Remember that your summary should be in the form of a paragraph. It begins with an introductory sentence, which should indicate the main idea of the text, the author and even its title. Try to write a summary as much as possible in your own words, using the ideas of the original text. You can also use a few words from the original text that support its main idea. Use as much information from the text as possible to justify your opinion and position. Rephrase the main point in your own words, which will be the last key sentence of your summary.
In this way, you will be able to create the correct structure of your summary, including all the necessary elements for its writing.
Always start writing a summary by defining the title of the article or text, its author, type of work and main points. Don't forget to compare your summary with the original text to make sure you haven't missed any important points. Also, never exaggerate with the interpretation of information. Try to stick to the original text as much as possible. And of course, provide a bibliographic citation to an article, book, etc.
Remember that the main features of summary are clarity, conciseness, informativeness and awareness. You should summarize the main idea of the text or article as well as influence the reader.